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Plasma 5.22

Stabilnost, uporabnost, prilagodljivost

Plasma 5.22 improves its stability and usability across the board.

Torek, 8. junij 2021

empty laptop with an overlay
Plasma

Plasma 5.22 is here, and it is more reliable and stable than ever. By cleaning up and refactoring code in the background, the Plasma desktop gives you greater responsiveness and performance, helping you become even more productive without hiccups or surprises. Enjoy a smoother experience with KDE’s Plasma 5.22 desktop.

Plasma 5.22 je postala bolj prijetna za uporabo z izboljšavami oblikovanja ter večjo gladkostjo in doslednostjo prosojnosti, zabrisanosti, ikon in animacij. Premikanje stvari na dostopna mesta, ponujanje namigov in vizualnih namigov ter ustvarjanje novih nastavitev vam omogoča, da prilagodite svoje delovno okolje, da popolnoma ustreza vašim potrebam. V pravem duhu KDE prizadevanje za bolj stabilno in privlačno namizje ne pomeni, da se morate odreči nadzoru nad tem, kako želite, da je videti ali se vede. Plasma 5.22, kot vedno, vsebuje vso prilagodljivost in orodja za prilagajanje, ki ste jih pričakovali in ljubili, ter še nekaj dodatnih za zagon.

Medtem se prizadevanje za premik Plasma v celoti v Wayland (protokol prikaza prihodnosti) nadaljuje v polnem zamahu. Tako zelo, da priljubljene distribucije privzeto začenjajo dobavljati Plasmo z Waylandom. Z uporabo Waylanda v zaledju lahko Plasma vključuje funkcije in popravke napak, ki jih ni mogoče implementirati v X11, kar vam ponuja boljšo izkušnjo in večjo stabilnost.

Want to know more? Read on to find out what to look forward to in Plasma 5.22:

General Eye Candy & Usability

Razvijalci še naprej trudijo na estetskem področju, da bo uporaba Plasme z vsako novo različico prijetnejša. Tokrat je velika nova funkcija Prilagodljiva prosojnost: To pomeni, da bodo plošče in gradniki plošč običajno prijetno prosojni, vendar postanejo popolnoma prekrivni, če so okna povečana, da se izognete vsakršni vizualni motnji, ko se morate osredotočiti. Svojo ploščo lahko naredite tudi vedno prosojno ali vedno prekrivno, če tako želite.

Adaptive Transparency

It is this kind of attention to detail that makes Plasma a pleasure to use. Take what happens when you hover over an app’s icon in the Task Manager in the panel: a tooltip will appear showing you previews of all the windows that the app has open. This is not new, but now, when you move your cursor over the preview, the window itself will show up in the main work area, giving you a full-sized view of what it contains. As with most things Plasma, you can switch this option off if you find it unhelpful.

We gradually improve the applications which ship with Plasma too, and have transitioned to Plasma System Monitor from the older KSysguard as the default system monitoring app. Now you can keep an eye on what’s going on with your apps in the brand new Application view, and more easily customize the app to show anything you want. Likewise, applet and widgets get tweaks and improvements all the time, the Sticky Notes widget, that now allows you to change the size of the text they show.

And the push to the window system of the future continues: developers have hugely improved Wayland support in general, and the Plasma Wayland session now supports Activities: a classic feature unique to the Plasma desktop that allows you to have completely different environments for different aspects of your computing life. Activities let you separate your day job environment from your side-gig as a vlogger and podcaster, and from your leisure time, when you just want to relax and watch a movie or chat with friends. In a similar vein, the Global Menu applet now lets you search through menu items on Wayland.

Sistemske nastavitve

The System Settings application is the place where you tailor Plasma to your needs. New in Plasma 5.22, System Settings opens up on a speed dial page that gives you direct access to the most commonly used settings, as well as to the ones you have accessed most. It also shows a link to where you can change the wallpaper and another for more tweaks of the overall look of Plasma.

Offline updates (which ask you to reboot and are then applied while the system is starting) are excellent for when an update could potentially interfere with a running application. That said, some users find them annoying, so System Settings now offers an option to disable them – or enable them if you are running a distro that has decided to leave them off by default. Open System Settings and navigate to the Software Update page to adjust this service to your liking.

Finally, developers and designers have been hard at work improving the accessibility and keyboard navigability of the settings to make it easier for everyone to make their way around the many options available.

Sistemski pladenj

Widgets in the System Tray (usually located down in the right-hand corner of the panel) are much more consistent in appearance and are also more useful. Plasma 5.22 introduces a re-designed Digital Clock that not only improves its looks, but also gives you the option of having the date below the time or having it to one side, on the same line, making it easier to read. A related improvement is that the look of the calendar that pops up when you click on the clock has been overhauled, and is now more functional and gives you more information in the same space, while at the same time making it easier on the eyes.

Another upgrade is that you can now select the audio devices’ profiles directly from the Audio Volume widget in System Tray. This means, you can switch the audio output from the internal loudspeakers to, say, your TV via HDMI in just three clicks and without having to go through the audio configuration dialog. Just click on the hamburger menu beside the device you want to change and pick Profiles… from the drop down menu.

The Clipboard, where all your copied stuff goes, has become easier to use, as you can now see all its contents by simply pressing Meta [Windows Key] +V.

KRunner

KRunner is Plasma’s mini command-line launcher you activate by pressing [Alt] + [Space]. You can use KRunner to start applications, open web pages, access bookmarks, search through your desktop data, calculate equations, and much more.

KRunner can now show several lines of text rather than one single line. That means, for example, that you can now easily read long dictionary definitions conveniently (type “define” + a word to make KRunner show a dictionary definition). Also, KRunner no longer returns confusing duplicate search results, so when you search for “Firefox”, KRunner now shows just one result and not several for the desktop app, command line app, panel shortcut, and so on.

Obvestila

From incoming messages to hardware events, Plasma’s Notification widget keeps you informed of all things happening on your desktop by showing little pop-up messages.

In Plasma 5.22’s Wayland session, the Notification widget becomes smart and gets out of your way when you don’t want it to interrupt you: If you are sharing or recording your screen for an online presentation, class, or video, the Notification widget will automatically enter “Do Not Disturb” mode and suspend intrusive pop-up notifications until you are done.

It can also inform you when a download from the Internet has been blocked because you need to tell the browser to start or continue with the download. What’s more, when the download is done, the Notification widget can figure out and show you which app will open the file.

KWin in grafika

KWin is the window management software in the background that makes Plasma work. It controls everything from transparencies and effects to the shape and size of the screen. Speaking of which, from Plasma 5.22 onwards, KWin supports variable refresh rate/FreeSync screens on Wayland. This means that if you have more than one screen and each of them has a different refresh rate, you can configure each one individually so video playback and games will look perfect regardless of which one they are displayed on.

Another thing that contributes to a good video experience in Wayland is that KWin can now set a screen’s overscan value. This ensures that none of the images will be cut off outside the borders of the screen, and can also be used to remove black borders around the edges. This is useful if you want to play a movie on a TV, for example.

Other KWin Wayland improvements include the Present Windows effect (showing all the open windows when you move the cursor to the upper left-hand corner of the screen) working across the board exactly as on X11. You can now maximize windows vertically and/or horizontally. You can plug in an external graphics card and KWin will pick it up and configure it on the fly–no need to restart Plasma. And performance is now improved thanks to supporting direct scan-out for full-screen windows (only on non-NVIDIA GPUs for now). The increase in performance happens because KWin now avoids unnecessary copies of the screen contents when there is a game or application running full-screen. By not having to copy the screen over and over, playback runs faster.

Finally–and this works on Wayland and X11–if you have more than one screen, new windows open on the screen where your cursor is located.

If you would like to learn more, check out the full changelog for Plasma 5.22.

Prenosi paketov

Distribucije so ustvarile ali imajo v delu pakete, navedene na naši wiki strani.

Upoštevajte, da paketi te izdaje morda še niso na voljo na vseh distribucijah ob času te objave.

Stran wiki za prenos paketov

Podpora KDE-ju

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O KDE

KDE je mednarodna tehnološka ekipa, ki ustvarja prosto in odprtokodno programsko opremo za namizno in prenosno računalništvo. Med KDE-jeve izdelke spadajo sodoben namizni sistem za platforme Linux in UNIX, obsežna zbirka programov za produktivno pisarno in skupno delo ter na stotine naslovov programske opreme v številnih kategorijah, vključno z internetom in spletnimi aplikacijami, multimedijo, zabavo, izobraževanjem, grafiko in razvojem programske opreme. Programska oprema KDE je prevedena v več kot 60 jezikov in je zgrajena za enostavno uporabo in upoštevanjem sodobnih načel dostopnosti. KDE-jeve popolne aplikacije delujejo neposredno v Linuxu, BSD, Solarisu, Windows in macOSu.


Obvestila o blagovnih znamkah.

KDE® in logotip the K Desktop Environment® sta blagovni znamki KDE e.V..
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Stiki za novinarje

Za več informacij nam pošljite e-pošto: press@kde.org