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Именно вы делаете KDE Gear возможным своей поддержкой и пожертвованиями. Помогите нам продолжать улучшать и создавать приложения, используя форму для пожертвований.

KDE Gear 21.12

Четверг, 9 декабря 2021

Добро пожаловать в KDE Gear ⚙️ 21.12!

Перейти к описанию нововведений

KDE Gear 21.12 has landed and comes with a massive number of updates and new versions of applications and libraries. Literally, dozens of classic KDE everyday tools and the specialised sophisticated apps you use to work, be creative and play, are getting refreshers with design improvements, new features and performance and stability enhancements.

And the whole set of packages comes just in time for the season of giving. Hanukkah/the Winter Solstice/the Generic Mid-Winter Holiday/Christmas/whatever-you-celebrate is just around the corner, so why not share with those that are less fortunate, that is, those who do not use KDE software yet? 😜

Install Plasma for your friends and family and deck them out with the brand new versions of KDE's utilities and programs!

Что такое KDE Gear?

Перейти к описанию нововведений

KDE Gear — это набор приложений и программ, созданных и разрабатываемых сообществом KDE, новые версии которых публикуются одновременно. В состав KDE Gear могут также входить новые приложения, разработка которых продвинулась до этапа, позволяющего включить их в этот набор.

Here you can see the full list of apps and libraries that are releasing new versions in KDE Gear ⚙️ 21.12.

После объявления о выпуске новой версии KDE Gear (такой, как эта), следует ожидать, что новые версии приложений станут доступны в используемом вами дистрибутиве Linux. В некоторых дистрибутивах, таких как Neon, новые версии появляются практически одновременно с объявлением о выходе, а в некоторых разработчикам пакетов требуется дополнительное время — несколько дней или даже недель.

Новые версии приложений набора KDE Gear также публикуются в независимых магазинах приложений, таких как FlatHub или магазин приложений Snap, а также становятся доступными в виде обновления на платформах, отличных от Linux, таких как Windows.


Диспетчер файлов Dolphin

Диспетчер файлов Dolphin — интуитивно понятное, но многофункциональное приложение, разработанное KDE для управления папками и файлами. Dolphin позволяет копировать, удалять, клонировать, изучать и перемещать файлы и папки, хранящиеся на диске вашего компьютера, портативных носителях данных и на сетевых компьютерах.

Новая версия Dolphin предлагает новые функции, позволяющие быстро находить нужные файлы и папки. Новый инструмент «Фильтр», вызываемый сочетанием клавиш Ctrl+I, позволяет скрывать в основном окне все объекты, не соответствующие указанному шаблону поиска.

This is not a new feature, however. What is new is that, if you enter the Detailed View (rightclick on an empty space in the main panel and select View Mode > Details from the pop up menu), you can avoid the list getting too long and confusing by using the Filter feature to hide open folders that do not contain files that match your search criteria.

Dolphin's filter hides irrelevant folders

Another way of finding stuff easily in the main panel is by knowing where things are. Although, as their name implies, hidden files are not usually shown, if you need to access them, you can make them show up in the files and folders panel by going to the hamburger menu and ticking the Show Hidden Files or, if you have the Menu Bar, View > Show Hidden Files.

It is quite normal to have dozens of hidden files and folders cluttering the view when displayed. To make things easier, Dolphin lets you push them under the regular files and folders. To do that, tick the Hidden Files Last checkbox you will find under the Sort by option in the Hamburger menu, or click View > Sort by to do the same thing.

Being able to preview the contents of a file and folder also makes managing your stuff simpler. Dolphin adds previews for comic book files (files with the .cbz extension) containing WEBP-formatted images, and improves its icon zooming feature.

Other behind the scenes improvements include how Dolphin remembers its location and size on the desktop, corrections for bugs that could affect stability in exceptional edge cases, and tweaks to the interface and dialogues that help users do stuff quicker and easier.

Приложение для создания снимков экрана Spectacle

Spectacle — это, казалось бы, простое приложение для создания снимков экрана, но оно, следуя мантре KDE «просто по умолчанию, мощно при необходимости», поддерживает множество функций комментирования, редактирования и публикации снимков. Из-за этого длинный список доступных параметров в диалоговом окне конфигурации может немного испугать. Чтобы было понятнее, в этой новой версии все параметры собраны в аккуратные, однозначно подписанные поля со списком, раскрывая которые легко находить нужные.

While you are fiddling with Spectacle's settings, one of the new things you can do is configure what Spectacle will do when it starts up. You can set it to automatically take a full-screen screenshot; make it remember the exact same parameters for the last screenshot you took before closing down (for example, highlight the exact same region of the desktop of your last rectangle screenshot), and then_ automatically take a screenshot; or you can configure Spectacle to not take a screenshot at all!

Spectacle's cleaner and clearer configuration dialog

Spectacle has also improved the look of the images as you drag and drop them from Spectacle's preview panel to Dolphin to save them or to an online image storage site to share them — yes, you can do that too. And, for those with more specialized set-ups, Spectacle can take correctly-colored screenshots on screens with 10-bit-per-channel color support enabled. Meanwhile, under Wayland, Spectacle continues to add features, like the capture "Active Window" which is now available both on the X11 and Wayland versions.


As the demand for the support of more and more sophisticated video projects grow, so does the list of Kdenlive's features, adding new tools, improving the interface and working on the reliability and performance of the whole. Whether you are working on your latest movie or just want to edit your holiday clips and the videos of your kids building a snowman and opening presents, you will find that Kdenlive's new features add that extra polish that makes your films a cut above the rest.

Take for example the Noise Suppressor for Voice. This new audio effect removes background noise from your recordings like magic. Grab it from the audio effects tab and drop it onto the audio track you want to clean up. Even without any tweaking, you will notice that the noise from wind, traffic, or waves, will be diminished, while the voices of people will be enhanced. This is sound engineering done easy!

As for video effects, try out the improved motion tracking tools. Kdenlive 21.12 comes with several tracking methods and we are adding new and more efficient ones all the time. You use motion tracking if you want an element to follow something else that is moving around in the frame. Say you want to blur out a child's face, but they are moving around, or you want a label with text to follow a character as they walk across the frame. Locate Motion Tracker in the list effects and drag and drop it into the clip you want to track. Use the box in the monitor to cover the area you want to track, click Analyse in the effects panel, and off you go!

Another thing Kdenlive makes easy is transitions. In Kdenlive 21.12, you don't have to set up multiple tracks and add compositions. Put two clips on the same track, grab the end edge of the first one and shorten it by between a half and a whole second by dragging its edge to the left; shorten the second clip by the same amount by dragging its edge to the right. Then close the gap between both by dragging them together. Next, select both clips (hold down the Shift key and click on one clip, and then, still holding down Shift, click on the other); hit the u key and... Hey presto! A transition will magically appear between both. You can later adjust the kind of transition in the Effects/Composition Stack if you don't like the default.

When it comes to placing your clips in the timeline, use the new slip trimming mode or ripple trimming mode. Select a clip in the timeline and choose the Tool > Slip tool from the menu, click on a shortened version of your clip and drag it back and forth to place the exact portion of the clip between adjacent clips.

Ripple trimming mode (Tool > Ripple tool) lets you lengthen or shorten a clip by dragging on the beginning of the clip. The beginning of the clip remains in the same position on the timeline, while the end moves as you drag. You would use this tool when you are sure about where you want the clip to start, but need to tweak where it ends.

As you can see, working with many moving parts is easy with Kdenlive. With that in mind, you will also appreciate the new feature that allows you to create multiple project bins. Split up all your bits and pieces into folders (say, all your title cards into one folder, all your sound snippets into another, etc.). Then, right-click on each folder and choose the Open in new bin option from the pop-up menu. Kdenlive will open separate tabs ("bins") containing the stuff that was originally in each folder, and nothing else.

And, while you are working with several tracks, the multicam editing function will prove invaluable. Add your clips (up to four) to different tracks in the same position in the timeline and activate the multicam tool by selecting Tool > Multicam tool from the menu. You can skip from track to track for editing by pressing 1, 2, 3, or 4 on your keyboard, or simply click on the desired track in the monitor.

Kdenlive в режиме работы с несколькими камерами

The point is you can use Kdenlive to make the simplest of movies, just by cutting and assembling clips on the timeline, or you can go full Brian DePalma with fancy transitions and effects. Either way, Kdenlive is the best video editor you can't buy (because it is free).

Терминал Konsole

One of Linux's most powerful features is that it is very easy to drop down to a text terminal where you can type in instructions directly from the operating system to run. Although it may seem intimidating at first, even a passing knowledge of terminal commands makes working with Linux much more fun and, often, will improve your workflow considerably.

Konsole is an ideal tool for newcomers wanting to explore what the command line has to offer, because, apart from providing the basics (i.e. a terminal), it combines features and options that leverage the fact it is also a graphical application. You can split the panels in any way you want and open multiple tabs so you can run several tasks simultaneously, hover your cursor over the name of a file in a text listing and Konsole will show you a preview in a popup window. You can click on a file and Konsole will open it in its associated app (an image in an image viewer, or a document in a word processor, for example), ready for work.

So, Konsole combines all the power of a text terminal with the convenience and friendliness of a graphical application and the new version of Konsole being released today has taken a step further in the direction of visual convenience and drastically improves and simplifies the default tool bar by putting all of the layout and split-related items into a dropdown menu button. You can also control the visibility of the menubar visibility with one option.

Konsole's menu for splitting panels

It is important to use applications that are visually appealing, but, as beauty is in the eyes of the beholder, Konsole, in classic KDE fashions gives you plenty of chances of customizing its look to your taste. Look under the Settings menu, and you will find options that let you change the color schemes used in the terminal panels, and even the look of Konsole's interface — independently from the rest of your desktop theme if you wish.

On a side note, for people who need to access remote machines, the SSH Manager is finally here! (It was promised for Konsole 21.08, but was removed last minute due to not being quite ready), thus further contributing to making Konsole simple, but powerful at the same time, and an overall convenient and attractive way into the world of the Linux terminal.

…А также это всё:

Elisa in party mode

Полный журнал изменений

Где получить приложения KDE

Хотя мы полностью поддерживаем дистрибутивы, которые поставляют наше программное обеспечение, приложения KDE Gear 21.12 также скоро будут доступны в этих магазинах приложений для Linux:


Если вы хотите помочь добавить больше приложений в магазины, поддерживать больше магазинов и лучше интегрировать приложения в наш процесс разработки, заходите поздороваться в нашу комнату обсуждений Всё дело в приложениях.

Снимки экрана многих приложений

Обратите внимание, пакеты данного выпуска могут быть недоступны на момент данного объявления во всех дистрибутивах. Вики-страница об установке пакетов

Сборка KDE Gear из исходного кода

Весь исходный код KDE Gear 21.12.0 возможно свободно загрузить. Инструкции по сборке из исходного кода и установке представлены на странице информации о KDE Gear 21.12.0.


KDE — это международная IT-команда, которая создаёт открытое и свободное программное обеспечение для настольных компьютеров и мобильных устройств. В число продуктов KDE входят современные рабочие окружения для платформ Linux и UNIX, полнофункциональный офисный пакет и средства групповой работы, а также сотни приложений разных категорий, таких как веб, мультимедиа, развлечения, образование, графика и разработка ПО. Программные продукты KDE переведены на более чем 60 языков, а при создании их большое внимание уделяется простоте использования, современности и доступности. Многофункциональные приложения KDE полноценно работают в Linux, BSD, Windows, Haiku и macOS.

Сведения о товарных знаках.

KDE® и логотип K Desktop Environment® являются зарегистрированными торговыми марками KDE e.V.
Linux — зарегистрированный товарный знак Линуса Торвальдса. UNIX — зарегистрированный товарный знак The Open Group в США и других странах.
Все другие товарные знаки и объекты авторских прав, упомянутые в этом объявлении, принадлежат их законным владельцам.

Контакты для прессы

Для получения дополнительной информации свяжитесь с нами по электронной почте: press@kde.org

Article contributed by и under the CC-BY-4.0 license.